What’s in a name?
Ninja have not always been known as ninjas- it has differed due to time and place. But first what makes up the name Ninja?
Ninja or 忍者 is the on-yomi or Chinese reading of two kanji- 忍 meaning to hide, steal, endure, self-restraint and 者 meaning person or practiser. The name dates back to the 6th century with the kun-yomi 志能便-the original kanji for Shinobi, another name for a ninja written today using the following kanji: 忍び. But Shinobi was a shorting of the phrase 忍びの者, which when is reduced to the kanji reads 忍者 or Ninja.
But what about place (are you ready for the Japanese?) The following table lists all the different places that have either used a different name or have used the same names but with different kanji
|京都・奈良||水破（すっぱ）・ 伺見（うかみ）・ 奪口（だっこう）・ 志乃比（しのび）|
|Kyoto/Nara||Suppa, Ukami, Dakkou, shinobi|
|Aomori Prefecture||Hayamichinomono, Shinobi|
|神奈川県||草（くさ）・ かまり 物見（ものみ）・ 乱破（らっぱ）・ 突破（とっぱ）|
|Kanagawa Prefecture||Kusa, Kamari, Monomi, Rappa, Toppa|
|東京||隠密（おんみつ）・ 御庭番（おにわばん）・ お庭番（おにわばん）|
|Tokyo||Onmitsu, Oniwaban, Oniwaban|
|Yamanashi Prefecture||Suppa, Suppa, Mitsumono, Suppa|
|Niigata Prefecture and Toyama Prefecture||Nokigiru, Kyoudou, Kyoudan, Kanshi, Kikimonoyaku|
In addition to this, different names appeared at different times and changed at different times. From the Asuka period （飛鳥時代） where Shinobi and Shyoutokutaishi (聖徳太子 the list above was not exhaustive), to the Nara Period (奈良時代) where Ukami was predominately used, to the Sengoku period where most other ones were used and finally to Edo period- the twilight of the ninja- where Oniwaban was introduced.
So, what’s in a name, as it turns out rather a lot. Each of the reading given (and there are further ones!) could be analysed, but not everyone would be interested in that so I’ll stop here.
Thank you for reading and happy exploring.